ANRT is a place of excellence with a specific expertise in the areas of typeface design and editorial design. Its purpose is to support research projects submitted each year by applicants.

In addition to self-initiated projects, wider research themes have been defined, to be developed by ANRT on the longer term: they result in specific research programmes relating to these aspects, and are developed with partner institutions. These themes include:

— developing typographical solutions for the needs of academic research (creation of specific alphabets, stabilization of minority scripts or notation systems, development of typographic tools and keyboard layout solutions)

— creating software-related solutions for digital transcription of early imprints (character recognition, encoding, outlines detection, design automation, responsive typography…)

Research themes

Designing typefaces for scholarly purposes

Several research communities make use of specific notation systems, thus requiring that dedicated typefaces (and, in some cases, dedicated layout engines) be created to suit their particular needs. The new opportunities offered by computer sciences and the digital humanities (online catalogues and publications, digital repositories…) make it essential to develop new tools to transcribe, study and publish these. The creation of specific fonts for digital humanities requires an analysis of the structure and specificities of the glyphs, as well as a discussion on the encoding strategies, or the design of layout engines. Many projects developed at the Atelier in the last few years are part of this line of research, and are an opportunity for collaborative research with specialists in linguistic, musicology, epigraphy, egyptology, etc.

See: IIIe Type conference (ANRT/BnF) in Paris, December 2015.

Automatic Type Design

Since 2013 ANRT teamed up with the LORIA computer science laboratory and the Engineering School in Nancy. Their joint research program, named ‘Re-Typographe’, aims at automating a process for reconstructing typefaces ‘on the fly’ based on photographs or scans of an original document, by using advanced image analysis and algorithmic reconstruction of letterforms. Such a project requires to tackle some ambitious challenges, but as solutions are progressively being found, they reveal the several benefits to be drawn for digital humanities as well as for typeface design.
See Automatic Type Design conference (ANRT) in Nancy, May 2014.

Partners

ATILF (Analyse et Traitement Informatique de la Langue Française / CNRS)

Nancy
Professeur associé: Yan Greub, directeur du FEW (Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch), dans le cadre du projet FEW.
atilf.fr

LORIA (Laboratoire lorrain de recherche en informatique et ses applications)

Nancy
Professeur associé: Bart Lamiroy, dans le cadre du projet Re-Typographe, qui associe également l’école des Mines et Télécom Nancy.

loria.fr
qgar.loria.fr
mines-nancy.univ-lorraine.fr

BnF (Bibliothèque nationale de France)

Paris
Département des monnaies, médailles et antiques de la Bibliothèque nationale de France. Chercheure associée: Florence Codine (BnF)
Dans le cadre du projet PIM, qui associe la BnF, l’Institut de recherche sur les Archéomatériaux (IRAMAT) et le Centre d’Études Supérieures de Civilisation Médiévale (CESCM) et l’ANRT dans le cadre du plan quadriennal de la recherche 2016-2020.

University of Reading

Department of Typography & Graphic Communication, Univ. of Reading (UK)
typefacedesign.net

Hochschule Mayence

Gestaltung Hochschule Mainz (DE)
Dans le cadre du projet The Missing Scripts
Professeur associé: Johannes Bergerhausen

University of Berkeley

Berkeley, CA 94720-2650 (USA)
Dept. of LinguisticsScript Encoding Initiative
Professeur associé: Deborah Anderson

Université Paul Valéry / Montpellier 3

LABEX Archimede « Archéologie et Histoire de la Méditerranée et de l’Égypte anciennes » – et par le laboratoire « Archéologie des sociétés méditerranéennes », unité mixte de recherche (UMR 5140), dans le cadre du projet ANRT/VEGA
vega-vocabulaire-egyptien-ancien.fr