Research Programmes 2022
Frutiger Archive, 1961-1975
Since 2021, the ANRT is hosting in Nancy an exceptional archive of works by Adrian Frutiger: these unpublished documents cover the period 1961-1975 in the Atelier Frutiger (then Frutiger+Pfäffli) at the Villa Moderne in Arcueil.
The candidate will be responsible for the study, inventory and digitization of these documents. Manuscripts, sketches, working drawings, correspondence, photographs will then join the Frutiger archives of the Museum für Gestaltung in Zürich.
Languages: German required, + French or English.
This work will be supervised by the ANRT team and Anne-Lyse Renon (Maître de conférence en Design graphique, Laboratoire Pratique et Théorie de l’Art Contemporain, EA 7472, Université de Rennes 2 / Membre associée, Centre Alexandre Koyré, UMR 8560, EHESS-CNRS-MNHN / Chercheuse invitée, Bibliothèque nationale de France - BnF ANR DESIGNSHS)
According to the great specialist in mathematical notation Florian Cajori, Leibniz (1646-1716) is in this field a master builder. Still Cajori had only a very partial knowledge of the unpublished mathematical manuscripts of Leibniz.
In fact, the philosopher and mathematician was passionate about the study and invention of sign systems. These scriptural singularities make Leibniz’s manuscripts a fascinating collection, but also a very complex material to edit.
The candidate’s mission, in close connection with the ERC Philiumm project (dir. David Rabouin, CNRS, SPHERE laboratory), will be to develop a digital font that integrates all the glyphs used by Leibniz throughout his work. This mission will be part of a more general reflection on the tools to be created for the digital edition of unpublished manuscripts.
The Missing Scripts 2022
Unicode has become an essential character-encoding standard for exchanging texts electronically. Unicode 14 encompasses 159 different writing systems, and 144 687 characters: its ambition is to include all the scripts of humanity.
The decodeunicode.org website, started in 2005 by Johannes Bergerhausen, and its associated book « decodeunicode Schriftzeichen die der Welt » (ed. Hermann Schmidt) gives a fascinating insight into the richness and diversity of the scripts covered by Unicode. And yet, more than a hundred writing systems are still missing from Unicode. Minority scripts, sometimes ancient or undeciphered are still awaiting to be approved by the Unicode Consortium.
The aim of the Script Encoding Initiative (SEI) at the University of Berkeley is to provide the linguistic expertise required to submit new proposals for these writing systems to Unicode. Many of these scripts have never existed in a typographic form, and display some very interesting shapes: they represent a kind of unexplored territory for type designers. The Missing Scripts project aims to support the SEI’s proposals to Unicode, through the design of typefaces for the missing entries. To achieve this, a multi-year research program is implemented, based on a classification by Johannes Bergerhausen, who established different levels of complexity for these scripts, based on the SEI database. The work will be conducted over a number of years, combining several levels of expertise: linguistics (SEI, Berkeley), type design (ANRT) and graphic design / mediation (decodeunicode, Hochschule Mainz).
The website The World’s Writing Sytems and the poster show the actual state of research.
The following scripts will be treated in priority: CYPRO-MINOAN, ESKAYA, GARAY (WOLOF), PROTO-ELAMITE, SIDETIC, VITHKUQI, YEZIDI.
Desired profile for the application:
Interest in Latin and non-Latin type design (specify which writing system)
Good organisational skills
Visiting professors & experts:
Pr Johannes Bergerhausen, Hochschule Mainz (DE) / decodeunicode.org
Dr Deborah Anderson, Université de Berkeley (USA) / Script Encoding Initiative